Thursday, April 11, 2013

The Enlightenment: Hobbes versus Locke

        The Enlightenment was an 18th century intellectual movement operose in France that had lasting repercussions end-to-end Europe and America. Questioning handed-down doctrines and values marked the Enlightenment; there was a far-famed tendency towards individualism and emphasis on the ideas of human progress. famed philosophes such as Francois-Marie Arouet also known as Voltaire (1694-1778) and the confusing Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) marked some of the intellectual catalysts for the new ideas and approaches to old tradition that wore down institutionalized traditions. The philosophes crafted the vocabulary for the French and American Revolutions, not by being advocates of violent revolution, but by supporting(a) free use of reason and the universality of humanity and instinctive rights. These same principles evoked a rallying cry throughout France and later America for systematic governmental changes; these cries manifested themselves in the excogitate of the American and French Revolutions. The American Constitution and the Bill of Rights ar both products of the Enlightenment and ideas of the philosophes, in particular John Locke.

        The semipolitical theorist and elitist, John Locke (1632-1704) wrote the Second Treatise on Government, in this work he hypothesized that man is naturally a favorable animal, characterized by reason and tolerance.

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He also maintained that in mans State of Nature men were equal and free to engross life, health, liberty and possessions. For this reason he believed that a mythical deal existed to provide common defense and necessities for the people based on mutual consent. Locke being an optimist thought that it is mans human nature to be naturally good and humane towards his fellow man, for this reason he felt that government was organized in order to hold dear the inalienable rights of man: life, liberty and property. Locke had knowledge of Natural faithfulness; the law asserts that there is some kind of non-conventional relation between...

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