Wednesday, April 3, 2013

What is ERP?

Enterprise resource planning: (noun); An accounting-oriented randomness system for identifying and planning the enterprise-wide resources needed to take, make, ship, and account for customer orders.

Referenced from:- the APICS Dictionary, 10th edition

Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems started as a means for inventory control and grew to replace islands of information by integrating traditional management functions, such as financials, payroll, and human resources, with other functions including manufacturing and distribution. Currently, the complexity of business is creating new enforcer needs; the growth of computers is developing new potential; the sideline for new markets by vendors has given users a new vocalize; and ERP is evolving once again. Names and acronyms like extended-ERP, ERP II, enterprise business applications (EBA), enterprise commerce management (ECM), and comprehensive enterprise applications (CEA) are be tossed about, but whats really going on? In the 1960s, the key fruit goal of an ERP system was inventory control. Manufacturers assumed consumers would continue their buy patterns and aimed to keep enough inventory on hand to impinge on demand. The sophistication of resource planning grew with the affordability and feasibility of the computer. In the sixties, computers were large, hot, wheezy machines that occupied entire rooms, but by the seventies, average manufacturing companies could finally afford them.

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The innovation computers allowed caused management to review traditional result cycles and resource allocation. Materials requirement planning (MRP) computer systems were developed to embolden having the right amount of materials when needed.

MRP gave planners more control, allowing them to be proactive and use time phased orders, rather than reacting only when delays occurred. However, because of the limitations of computers at the time, the software could shell out only limited variables. There was no way to travel to how a late part, for example, would impact overall production. The general impudence was that delays in...

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