Thursday, March 28, 2013

Tiwi vs. Yanomamo

I. Ethnographic Introduction

The interrelationship between political life and productive behavior play a significant part in shaping the traditions and culture of society. Specifically, these factors have shaped postmarital residential patterns. However, legion(predicate) diverse cultures have different traditions regarding residence after marriage. The Tiwi of Yankee Australia and the Yanomamo of South America are an example of two societies that institutionalize differing housing arrangements. After performing an investigation of the Tiwi, it is evident that the matrilocal residential pattern is characterized by the kinship system and gender roles at heart the culture. Before making a comparison of the Tiwi to the Yanomamo, it is important to cover background information regarding the aboriginal society and its values.

The primary researcher for the study of the Tiwi of northeast Australia is Charles William Merton Hart, who studied the Tiwi people from 1928 to 1929. In his fieldwork The Tiwi of coupling Australia, Hart discusses social organization and ritual among the thousand Tiwi of the Melville and Bathurst Islands.

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The Tiwi, who lived on the two islands in the Arafura Sea off the coast of the North Territory, were completely isolated from the mainland of Australia for 6,000 years until the eighteenth century. Until that time, there was not any documented history of interaction with the outside world. In his efforts to promote cultural transmission, Hart completed a far-flung census of the Tiwi population in 1929; the fieldwork was based on his tangency with the majority of the civilization and detailed genealogical records covering the population.

II. Ecology

As a hunter-gatherer group, the Tiwi had an abundant subsistence economy of hunting, fishing, and foraging in the bush, sea, and on the coast. Because external trade with the mainland people of Australia did not exist front to the early twentieth century, much of the Tiwi diet...If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: Ordercustompaper.com



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